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Some key dates of religious history

11th century: Catharism flourished in the southern part of France. It was later suppressed during the Albigensian Crusade.
France was united progressively in the Middle Ages while respecting regional identities, especially religions ones.
16th century: Reformation reaches France.
1562-1598: the era of wars of religion.
1598: Henry IV (1589-1610) issued the Nantes Edict to encourage religious tolerance.
1648: after the War of Thirty Years (1618-1648), the Treaties of Westphalia declared the incorporation of the territorial dioceses of Metz, Toul and Verdun into France. The region of Alsace was also given to the Kingdom of France.
1685: revocation of the Edict of Nantes.
1789: release of the Bill of Human Rights.
9 December 1905: promulgation of the law of the separation of the Church and the State.
1958: Official proclamation of the Fifth Republic on October 5.
1974: Age of majority is brought down to 18 (it was 21).
2001: Adoption of a law officially recognizing the Armenian genocide.
2004: law of 15 March 2004 prohibiting to wear religious symbols in state schools.
2010: law of 11 October 2010 banning concealment of the face in public.
2012-2015: in 2012, twice in 2015, and in 2016, killings with religious motivations were perpetrated, triggering important debates on secularism and the place of religion in the society.
2016: law of 20 April 2016 on ethics and the rights and obligations of civil servants.
2016: law of 8 August 2016 relating to work, the modernisation of social dialogue and the securing of professional careers (new article L. 1321-2-1 relating to the principle of neutrality in the company).
2021: law of 24 August 2021 reinforcing the respect of the principles of the Republic.

D 12 October 2022   

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