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Aperçu général

  • Area : 633,109 km² (2017)
  • Population : 67,064,000 (INSEE 2020 ; see also the population of France, INED)
  • Capital : Paris
  • Largest cities and number of inhabitants : Paris 2,187,526 ; Marseille 863,310 ; Lyon 516,092 ; Toulouse 479,553 ; Nice 340,017 ; Nantes 309,346 ; Montpellier 285,121 ; Strasbourg 280,966 ; Bordeaux 254,436 ; Lille 232,787 (INSEE 2020 ; for further details see INSEE).
  • Official language : French
  • Regions :
    Since the 1st January 2016, according to the August 2015 territorial reform, France counts 13 regions in mainland France, 2 overseas (Guadeloupe and La Réunion) and 2 unique overseas communities (Guyane and Martinique).
    The 13 regions in mainland France are : Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine, Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, Bretagne, Centre-Val de Loire, région Centre, Collectivité territoriale de Corse, Île-de-France, Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées, Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie, Normandie, Pays de la Loire and Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur (see Panorama des nouvelles régions françaises by INSEE).

France has been for a long time a Catholic country, but the 2018 European Values Study (European Values Study) confirms that membership in Catholicism is declining significantly : the Catholic membership rate is 32%, down from 70% in 1981. Two other trends are visible : more and more people declare themselves "without religion" (58% of respondents), and the number of people belonging to religious minority groups is on the rise : 10% of respondents say they belong to a religious minority (3% in 1981). These minorities include mostly Muslims (6%) but also Protestants (2%) and other minorities.

See also the article on the Values Survey 2018.

D 2 décembre 2020   

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