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General overview

General overview

Area: 9 093 507 km2
Population: 35 851 800 (2015)
Capital: Ottawa, Ontario
Largest cities and number of inhabitants: Toronto (5 583 064), Montréal (3 824 221), Vancouver (2 313 324), Ottawa-Gatineau (1 226 324), Calgary (1 214 839)
Official languages: French and English
10 Provinces: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, Québec, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Saskatchewan
3 Territories: Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Yukon

Source: Statistics Canada

Religious Affiliation in Canada

A majority of Canadians (76.1%) identify with a religion, primarily with Christianity which encompasses 67.3% of the population. Among the Christian Churches, Catholicism holds the largest share at 39.0%; the United Church of Canada gathers 6.1% of the population; the Anglican Church represents 5.0%. Other Christian Churches hold at 17.1 %. Among non-Christian religions, Muslims form the largest group, representing 3.2% of the Canadian population. In turn, Jews represent 1.0% of the population, Hindus 1.5%, Sikhs 1.4%, and Buddhists 1.1%. Religious “nones”, i.e. those who declare having no religion when asked, make up just under a quarter of Canadians. Some among this group may still hold beliefs and practice a form of personal spirituality, but they do not affiliate themselves with any religious group.

Source: Sarah Wilkins-Laflamme, Centre d’études ethniques des universités montréalaises (CEETUM), December 2014.

D 20 June 2017   

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