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Religious belonging and religious demography

2001 Census

While in the 1992 population census no information was obtained about religious affiliation, the 2001 census did include a question about the individuals´ religious affiliation. The results are (...)

While in the 1992 population census no information was obtained about religious affiliation, the 2001 census did include a question about the individuals´ religious affiliation. The results are listed in the table below.

With regard to the population residing in the Republic of Cyprus, the overwhelming majority are Orthodox Christians of the Eastern or Greek-Orthodox rite. They are members of the autocephalous Orthodox Church of Cyprus, which dates back to early Christianity.

Republic of Cyprus – 2001 Census
Population by religion

RELIGIONNUMBER%
Orthodox 553,635 93.93
Armenian 1,741 0.29
Maronite 3,930 0.7
Roman Catholics 10,240 1.73
Muslims 4,182 0.7
Anglicans 6,839 1.15
Atheists 1,500 0.25
Other 6,505 1.15
No response 993 0.1
TOTAL 589,365 100.00

Note: The above were calculated on the basis of the raw results from the 2001 census. The raw results were adjusted but no information was provided on the adjusted figures with respect to the population by religion.
Source: Republic of Cyprus, 2001 Population Census, Vol. 1 General Demographic Characteristics (Nicosia, Cyprus: Printing Office of the Republic of Cyprus, 2003).

D 12 September 2012    AVictor Roudometof

2011 Census

The questionnaire completed by each household during the 2011 census included a question on the religious beliefs of individuals. The statistical service published the results regarding (...)

The questionnaire completed by each household during the 2011 census included a question on the religious beliefs of individuals. The statistical service published the results regarding population enumerated by religion, age, sex, nationality and country of birth categories. According to the census, the vast majority of the populations are Eastern – Orthodox Christians (89%), of which the majority have Cypriot citizenship (87%) and/or were born in Cyprus (83%).

In comparison to the 2001 census, there is an increase of Roman Catholics, Muslims and Anglicans/Protestants. Most Catholics and Muslims are non-EU citizens and/or have non-EU countries of birth, whereas most Anglicans/Protestants come from countries of the EU. The table below shows the numbers and percentages of the population by religion.

Republic of Cyprus – 2011 Census
Population by religion

RELIGION NUMBER %
Orthodox 748,610 89.08
Armenians 2,453 0.29
Maronites 3,800 0.45
Roman Catholics 24,460 2.91
Muslims 15,279 1.82
Anglicans/Protestant 16,974 2.02
Hindus 1,528 0.18
Buddhists 8,453 1
Other 4,112 0.49
Atheists/No Religion 5,357 0.64
Not Stated 9,381 1.12
TOTAL 840,407 100

Note: The Republic of Cyprus held the latest census in Oct. 2011, which covered only the government-controlled area. Turkish Cypriots residing outside the controlled area were not included in the census.

Source: Population - Country of Birth, Citizenship Category, Country of Citizenship, Language, Religion, 2011

D 11 December 2014    AEleonora Kyriakou

CNRS Unistra Dres Gsrl

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