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Chronology

6th - 7th century: Slavic tribes, ancestors of today’s Montenegrins settled areas of today’s Montenegro
9th century: The establishment of the first Montenegrin state - Duklja
ca 990 - 1016: The rule of Prince Vladimir, the first ruler of Duklja and a saint
1016 - 1044: The rule of Prince Vojislav, founder of the dynasty Vojislavljević, the first Montenegrin dynasty
1050 - 1081: The rule of Mihailo Vojislavljević, the first Montenegrin king, who won this title in 1077
12 - 14th century: The rule of the Nemanjić dynasty from Raška (today’s Serbia); Duklja changed its name to Zeta, as part of the Serbian Empire
1360 - 1421: The rule of the Balšić dynasty, the second Montenegrin dynasty. Zeta gets greater autonomy within the Serbian empire
1451 - 1496: The rule of the Crnojević dynasty, the third Montenegrin dynasty; the struggle for independence; Zeta changed its name to Montenegro
1482: Ivan Crnojević founded the Monastery, with the Church seat, in Cetinje, which became the capital of Montenegro
1494: The first printed book among the South Slavs – Orthodox liturgical Cyrilic Oktoih Prvoglasnik (Octoechos of the First Tone), printed in the first state printing house in South East Europe, founded by Đurađ Crnojević
1496: The fall of Montenegro under the Ottoman Empire
By the 17th century: Montenegrins struggling for freedom under the leadership of Metropolitans
1697 - 1918: The rule of the Petrović dynasty – the fourth Montenegrin dynasty
1784 - 1830: The rule of Petar I Petrović Njegoš – Sveti Petar Cetinjski (St. Peter of Cetinje), Metropolitan, unifier and founder of the modern state of Montenegro
1852: Danilo I Petrović broke the tradition of the rule of Metropolitans, separated the secular power from the spiritual, and proclaimed the Principality of Montenegro
1878: Montenegro recognized as an independent state at the Berlin Congress
1905: Adoption of the first Constitution of Montenegro
1910: Proclamation of the Kingdom of Montenegro, and of Nikola I Petrović as king
1918: The disappearance of the Kingdom of Montenegro and the creation of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenians, later - the Kingdom of Yugoslavia
1945: Restoration of Montenegro, as one of the six federal republics of socialist Yugoslavia
1992: In the process of the disintegration of Yugoslavia, Montenegro and Serbia created the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
2003: Transformation of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro
2006: Referendum - Montenegro renewed its independence

D 18 July 2016    ANikola B. Šaranović

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