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Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria (1991)

Main constitutional texts on religion:

Article 13

(1) The practicing of any religion shall be unrestricted.
(2) Religious institutions shall be separate from the State.
(3) Eastern Orthodox Christianity shall be considered the traditional religion in the Republic of Bulgaria.
(4) Religious institutions and communities, and religious beliefs shall not be used to political ends.

Article 37

(1) The freedom of conscience, the freedom of thought and the choice of religion and of religious or atheistic views shall be inviolable. The State shall assist the maintenance of tolerance and respect among the believers from different denominations, and among believers and non-believers.
(2) The freedom of conscience and religion shall not be practiced to the detriment of national security, public order, public health and morals, or of the right and freedoms of others.

Other constitutional texts relating to religion:

Article 6

(2) All citizens shall be equal before the law. There shall be no privileges or restriction of rights on the grounds of race, national or social origin, ethnic self-identity, sex, religion, education, opinion, political affiliation, personal or social status or property status.

Article 11

(4) There shall be no political parties on ethnic, racial or religious lines, nor parties which seek the violent seizure of state power.

Article 44

(2) The organizations’ activity shall not be contrary to the country’s sovereignty and national integrity, or the unity of the nation, nor shall it incite racial national, ethnic or religious enmity or an encroachment on the rights and freedoms of citizens; no organization shall establish clandestine or paramilitary structures or shall seek to attain its aims through violence.

Article 58

(2) Obligations established by the Constitution and the law shall not be defaulted upon on grounds of religious or other convictions.

Source : site of the National Assembly of the Republic of Bulgaria and Legirel.

D 7 January 2014   

CNRS Unistra Dres Gsrl

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