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Les dates essentielles

The Bronze Age : migration of indo-European communities engaged in sheep farming in the Carpath-Danubian-Pontic space and the appearance of the Thracian people.
Birth of the Dacian State in 1 BC.
271 : formation of the Romanian nation as a result of symbiosis of two ethnic groups, the Dacians and the Romans ; creation of the Romanian language in 9th -14th century and formation of the medieval Roman states.
1600 : first unification of the three Romanian provinces, Wallachia, Moldavia and Transylvania under Governor Michael the Brave (Mihai Viteazul - 1593-1601). The unity lasted for a year after the assassination of Mihai in 1601.
1711 : rising of the Phanariote Greeks in Moldavia and in Wallachia in 1716.
1812 : After the Russia –Turkey war, the Romanian territory situated in eastern Romania was annexed into the Empire of Russia under the name Bessarabia.
1848-1849 : revolution of Moldavia, Wallacia and Transylvania.
1859 : unification of the Romanian principalities, Wallachia and Moldavia through the appointment of the same candidate in both countries, Prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza. The new state was called Romania.
1866 : beginning of monarchy in Romania through the appointment of a Prince Carol I of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen who was a foreigner (originating from West Germany) and creation of the first Romanian Constitution under the authority of Prince Carol I of Henzollern Sigmaringen.
1881 : Romania became a Kingdom.
1877 : The Independence War ; Romania becomes independent and cut its relations with the Ottoman Empire.
April 1918 : unification of Bessarabia with Romania.
1 December 1918 : creation of the Greater Romania through the unification of Romania with Transylvania.
1926 : the heir, Prince Carol II stepped down from the throne and left Romania.
July 1927 : death of King Ferdinand. Michael (Mihai) was declared king but as he was a minor, the country was ruled by regency composed of Prince Nicolas of Hohenzollern, Patriarch Moron Crisea and Georghe Buzdugan – president of the High Court of Appeal and the High Court of Justice.
1930 : King Carol II returned to Romania to claim the throne.
1938-1940 : King Carol II instilled the royal dictatorship.
28 June 1940 : Romania lost the north eastern territory comprising Bessarabia, Bucovinia and Harta to Russia.
6 September 1940 : Carol II stepped down and enthroned his son Michael I.
24 January 1941 : General Antonescu declared military dictatorship and Romania established a military and political relationship with Germany.
June 1941 : Romania fought on the German side in the war against Russia.
23 August 1944 : General Antonescu was arrested and King Michael declared Romania as a constitutional monarchy. Romania changed its politics and continued the military struggle, but this time on the side of the allies fighting against fascism.
November 1946 : Romanian elections were held and the Communists falsified the results and obtained the victory.
30 December 1947 : King Micahel abdicated and the Communist Party assumed absolute power, forbidding all other political orientations and later Romania became a Republic.
1948 : Romania was governed by the Communist Party with Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej as the President (1948–1965).
March 1965 : Nicolae Ceauşescu became the First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party and helped govern the country.
9 December 1967 : N. Ceauşescu became President of the Council of the State.
March 1974 : the Great National Assembly announced Nicolae Ceausescu President of the Socialist Republic of Romania.
1987-1989 : Ceausescu rejected Gorbatchev’s proposition to establish the perestroïka and glasnost.
17 December 1989 : beginning of the Romanian Revolution against the communist regime.
25 December 1989 : Nicolae and Elena Ceausescu were executed.
9 February 1990 : establishment of the temporary Council of the National as the first democratic structure since the communists came into power.
7 October 1993 : Romania became a member of the Council of Europe.
29 March 2004 : Romania became a member of the NATO.
1 January 2007 : Romania became a member of the European Union.

D 28 septembre 2012    AIulian Isbasoiu ALaurenţiu Tănase ALucreţia Vasilescu

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