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General overview

General overview

  • Area: 17 098 000 km².
  • Population: 141 900 000 (2010).
  • Capital: Moscow.
  • Largest cities and number of inhabitants: eleven cities with more than one million inhabitants: Moscow (10,6), Saint Petersburg (4,6), Novosibirsk (1,4), Ekaterinburg (1,3), Nizhny Novgorod (1,3), Kazan (1,1), Samara (1,1), Omsk (1,1), Chelyabinsk (1,1), Rostov-on-Don (1,0), Ufa (1,0).
  • Official language: Russian.
  • Régions: the Russian Federation is divided into 83 federal subjects.
  • Religious situation: Russia is a country of Orthodox tradition. According to the Atlas of religion and nationality survey 2012, around 75% of respondents are Orthodox but only 14% of the Russian population have a regular practice. Islam is the traditional religion of several ethnic minorities of Russia. 6.5% of the Russian population are Muslim but the number of practicing Muslims does not exceed 42%. Concerning other religions and beliefs, 25% of respondents are "believers without religion" and 13% atheists. Each of Protestant, Catholic, Buddhist, and Jewish religion represents less than 1%.

Source: Federal State Statistics Service.

February 2014

D 16 July 2012   

CNRS Unistra Dres Gsrl

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