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Le protestantisme

In 2004, the IFOP published a report using data from various surveys to show that in France, 2.2% of the population aged 18 and above are Protestants. This percentage corresponds to a population of about 980,000 adults.
A good number of Protestant Churches belongs to the Protestant Federation of France, which runs 22 churches and other institutions.
There are especially :
- the Eglise Protestante Unie de France : created in 2013, this new body brings together most of the Reformed and Lutheran Protestants of France, previously organised in two different churches, Eglise réformée de France and Eglise évangélique luthérienne de France.
This church counts 1000 leaders (pastors and presidents of local councils). Its members are (according to the degree of commitment) 110.000 active members (supporting financially on a regular basis) ; 250.000 taking part to the life of the church ; some 400.0000 to 500.000 ask for religious ceremonies (baptisms, marriages, funeral services).
- The Union of the Protestant Churches of Alsace-Lorraine (Union des Eglises Protestantes d’Alsace-Lorraine, UEPAL), which has 240 000 members : 200,000 members in the Protestant Church of the Augsbourg Confession (Eglise Protestante de la Confession d’Augsbourg d’Alsace-Lorraine, EPCAAL, Lutheran), and 33,000 in the Reformed Protestant Church (Eglise Protestante Réformée d’Alsace-Lorraine, EPRAL). These two churches have 235 and 55 parishes respectively, 280 and 51 pastors of which about a quarter are women (recent statistics here).
- The National Union of Independent Reformed Evangelical Churches (Union Nationale des Eglises Réformées Evangéliques Indépendantes de France, EREI). It has 13,000 members and 37 parishes which are mostly found in the southern part of France.
- The Union of Evangelical Free Churches (Union des Eglises Evangéliques Libres, UEEL) gathering 2,500 active members and 56 parishes.

Evangelical Protestantism is growing in France. According to Sébastian Fath, there are 395,000 Evangelicals out of 1.1 million protestants in France. 200,000 of these Evangelicals belong to Pentecostal movements while 45,000 are churches of African, Haitian and Asian diaspora. A good number of Evangelical churches belong to the Conseil National des Evangéliques de France, federation of Churches created in 2003. The CNEF edits every year a cartography of the Evangelical protestants. Surveys on Protestants in France have been realised by IFOP in 2012 and 2013.

For more information : DARGENT Claude, Les protestants en France aujourd’hui. Paris, Payot, 2005.
FATH Sébastien, Du ghetto au réseau : le protestantisme évangélique en France 1800-2005. Labor et Fides, 2005.
FATH Sébastien et Jean-Paul Willaime (dir.), La nouvelle France protestante (Religions et modernités 9). Genève : Labor et Fides, 2011.

5 septembre 2014