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Religion in a modern society

Hungary played a notable role in the Ostpolitik of the Holy See as an experimental test case; the "détente" between church and state did have beneficial effects but meant painful compromises as well; the Holy See and the Peoples’ Republic of Hungary concluded a partial agreement in 1964. The first three decades of communist rule brought a massive and forceful secularization of Hungarian society. Communism has left Hungary as an atomized society and in a moral vacuum. Ironically, the churches – hit so hard by the regime – turned out to be the largest forces of civil society. The collapse of communism brought a new freedom and new challenges. Never before in Hungarian history have the churches enjoyed such independence from the state as in the present – free on the one hand from state control, on the other hand enjoying the same means as prior to World War II. Finding their new role in society is a difficult and complex process.

D 20 September 2012    ABalázs Schanda

CNRS Unistra Dres Gsrl

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