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Accueil > Monténégro > Débats actuels > 2017 > Restitution des droits de propriété aux communautés religieuses au programme (...)

Restitution des droits de propriété aux communautés religieuses au programme du gouvernement

The government of Montenegro announced the drafting of a Law on the Restitution of Property Rights to Religious Communities.

In the information on the process of drafting the National Report on the State of Human Rights in Montenegro within the third cycle of the United Nations general periodic review for the period 2013-2017, which was in the agenda of the Government session held on 12 October, it is stated that the aim of this Law is to "resolve the cases of restitution of property rights" : "An analysis of the drafting of the text of the law is under way. After the adoption of the law, the requests for restitution will be subjects of analyses and solving."

For some stakeholders, this "novelty" is perceived as a surprise, since the draft of a new, general law of the freedom of religion is envisaged to be adopted by the Government in the 4th quarter of this year. The first draft of this law, prepared in 2014, caused turbulent public debate, precisely because of the issue of property of churches and religious communities, since the article 52 of that law prescribed that : "Religious buildings and land used by religious communities on the territory of Montenegro, which are found to have been built or obtained from public state revenues or were in state ownership until December 1 1918, are state-owned property as a cultural heritage of Montenegro. Religious objects that are found to have been built on the territory of Montenegro by the joint investments of citizens until December 1 1918 are state-owned property."

However, the Government still sticks to its annual program of work. As stated in the same information : "the adoption of the draft law on freedom of religion is envisaged at the end of 2017. The law is expected to regulate relations between the state and religious communities in the best possible way in accordance with European standards."

It remains to be seen what the dynamics of preparation will be, as well as content of these laws, which in any case must be harmonized, with the Constitution of Montenegro and with international standards in the field of religion.

Sources : Government of Montenegro.

14 novembre 2017