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Données sociologiques et juridiques sur la religion en Europe et au-delà

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Accueil > République tchèque > Repères historiques > Parcours historique > Les premières dates

Les premières dates

The Constitution, act No. 1/1993, begins with the words : "We, the citizens of the Czech Republic in Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia, at this time of the reconstitution of an independent Czech State, true to all the sound traditions of the ancient statehood of the Lands of the Crown of Bohemia as well as of Czechoslovak statehood, resolved to build, protect and advance the Czech Republic in the spirit of the inalienable values of human dignity and freedom as the home of equal and free citizens who are aware of their obligations towards others and of their responsibility to the community, as a free and democratic State..."
The first historical inhabitants of Czech lands (Čechy/Bohemia, Morava/Moravia and Slezsko/Czech Silesia) were Celtic. The Celtic tribe of Boii gave its name to both Latin expressions : "Čechy" – "Boiohemium, Bohemia". After the short era of Germanic Markomanns’ settlement in the 5th Century, the West–Slavonic ethnics penetrated the Territory during the 6th century.
A West Slavonic settlement in the territory of the present Czech lands accepted Christianity, during the 9th century, under the influence of the Irish, Franconian and Greek-Slavonic missions - in the first State of Czechs and Slovaks, the Great Moravian Empire.
The later Czech (Bohemian) principality and kingdom, ruled by dukes and kings, since the 10th century holders of the St Wenceslas Crown, entered into a free union with the Holy Roman Empire. There were four dynasties on the Bohemian throne : Premyslides, Luxemburgs, Jagellons and Habsburgs.

9 octobre 2012