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Accueil > Turquie > Repères historiques > Chronologie > Dates importantes

Dates importantes

1071 : The battle of Manzikiert, Turkish speaking mercenaries enter Asia Minor
1303 : The Seljuk Empire collapses making way for Ottoman rule
1453 : The Conquest of Constantinople by Sultan Mehmed II
1454 : Establishment of the system of "millet" which separates the Ottoman society in autonomous groups according to the religious belonging
1512 : Sultan Selim I becomes Caliph
1839 : Secular reform movements called Tanzimat arise in the Ottoman Empire
1909 : The Ottoman Grand Orient, the first Masonic Obedience of Turkey is formed
1916 : Arab revolts leading to the separation of the Arab provinces from the Ottoman Empire
1920 : The Empire is broken up after the Treaty of Sevres
1923 : The Treaty of Lausanne is signed and the Turkish Republic is born
1924 : The Caliphate is abolished and the royal family exiled. The Unification of Education law is passed
1925 : Sufi brotherhoods are banned and their mausoleums shut down
1925 : Sheikh Saïd leads a fundamentalist Kurdish revolt
1927 : Secularism is adopted as a constitutional principle
1928 : Latin alphabet replaces the Arabic alphabet
1930 : Muslim revolts in Menemen
1934 : Women are granted the right to vote and to stand for election
1937 : Secularism becomes a constitutional principle
1938 : Mustafa Kemal Atatürk dies
1950 : The conservative Democratic Party comes to power
1950 : 20 mausoleums are re-opened for pilgrimage purposes
1960 : Military Coup d’etat
1961 : Turkey’s second Constitution with very liberal influences is drafted
1970 : The National Order Party is founded by Necmettin Erbakan (this party would later be banned in 1971)
1972 : The National Salvation Party is founded by Necmettin Erbakan (it was later banned in 1980)
1974 : The National Salvation Party takes part in government
1977 : The National Salvation Party again takes part in government
1980 : Military Coup d’etat. A new conservative and fascistic Constitution is drafted (still in force in 2016)
1984 : The Welfare Party is founded by Necmettin Erbakan (later banned in 1998)
1996 : The Welfare Party takes part in government
1998 : The Virtue Party is founded by Necmettin Erbakan (later banned in 2001)
1999 : The Helsinki European Council accepts Turkey’s application for membership of the European Union
2001 : Erbakan forms the Felicity Party while the Justice and Development Party is founded by youth from Millî Görüş
2002 : The Justice and Development Party wins the elections and forms a single-party government
2005 : Turkey enters membership negotiations with the European Union
2014 : Recep Tayyip Erdoğan is elected President of the Republic

6 juin 2016