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The Muslims

It is difficult to define the exact number of Muslims in Germany but it is generally said to reach between 3,1 and 3,4 million people, i.e. 4% of the population.

Although there were already some Muslims in Germany during the 19th century, the presence of Muslims is mainly the result of post World War 2 immigration. Two-thirds of the Muslims are not German citizens. Besides the Islam conversion rates are low (15 000 Muslims are from German origin). It is following the recruitment agreements with Turkey (1961), Morocco (1963) and Tunisia (1965) that the first workers from Muslim denomination arrived in the FRG. In 1973, at the end of the recruitment policy, Muslim immigration was reduced to the family cell regrouping actions. There were also refugees and asylum seekers coming from Turkey (Kurds), Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan and Bosnia. The Muslims from Turkish origin today constitute the biggest community among the Muslims in Germany with more than two million members, followed by the Muslims from the Balkans, Arabic countries, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan as well as other smaller groups coming from other Muslim areas. In relation with their national origins, the Muslims in Germany are above all Sunnis, then Shi’ites, Alevis, members of the Ahmaddiyya and other communities.

Contrary to the Jews and the Christian Orthodoxes, the Muslims in Germany are not represented by a unique organisation. However, since April 11 2007, the Council of Coordination of Muslims in Germany (Koordinierungsrat der Muslime in Deutschland, KRM) is composed of the four biggest Muslim associations in Germany. It includes the Turkish Islamic Union of the Board of Religious Affairs (DITIB), the Islam Council for the Federal Republic of Germany (Islamrat für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland e.V (IRD)), the Association of Islamic cultural centres (Verband der Islamischen Kulturzentren e.V, VIKZ) and the Central Council of Muslims in Germany (Zentralrat der Muslime in Deutschland e.V, ZMD).

D 19 July 2012    AMatthias Koenig AMiriam Schader

CNRS Unistra Dres Gsrl

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